Tuesday, August 26, 2008

London City

London is the largest urban area and the capital of England and United Kingdom. An important settlement for two millennia, London's history goes back to its founding by the Romans. Since its settlement, London has been part of many important movements and phenomena throughout history, such as the English Renaissance, the Industrial Revolution, and the Gothic Revival. The city's core, the ancient City of London, still retains its limited medieval boundaries; but since at least the 19th century the name "London" has also referred to the whole metropolis which has developed around it.Today the bulk of this conurbation forms the London region of England and the Greater London administrative area, with its own elected mayor and assembly.

London is one of the world's leading business, financial, and cultural centres, and its influence in politics, education, entertainment, media, fashion and the arts all contribute to its status as a major global city. London boasts four World Heritage Sites: The Palace of Westminster, Westminster Abbey and St. Margaret's Church; the Tower of London; the historic settlement of Greenwich; and the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. The city is one of the most popular tourist destinations in the world, and its popularity has increased over the years due to economic growth.

London's diverse population draws from a wide range of peoples, cultures, and religions, and over 300 languages are spoken within the city. As of 2006, it has an official population of 7,512,400 within the boundaries of Greater London and is the most populous municipality in the European Union. As of 2001, the Greater London Urban Area has a population of 8,278,251 and the metropolitan area is estimated to have a total population of between 12 and 14 million. London will be hosting the 2012 Summer Olympics.

History of London

London, the capital of the United Kingdom, has a recorded history that goes back over 2,000 years. During this time, it has grown to become one of the financial and cultural capitals of the world. It has also experienced plague, devastating fire, civil war, aerial bombardment and terrorist attacks. See City of London for details on the historic core of London.


The first Census was in 1801, so early dates are estimates based on archaeological density of sites compared with known population of the City of London between 1600–1800 (i.e., 50,000). Dates from 1300 onwards are based on what is probably better evidence, from historic records.

Figures for 1891 onwards are for Greater London in its 2001 limits (Greater London did not exist until 1965). Figures before 1971 have been reconstructed by the Office for National Statistics based on past censuses in order to fit the 2001 limits. Figures from 1981 onward are midyear estimates (revised as of 2004), which are more accurate than the censuses themselves, known to underestimate the population of London. London's urban area now extends beyond the boundaries of Greater London, and it had an estimated population of 8,505,000 in 2005.

Historical places of note in London

  • London Bridge
  • Tower of London
  • Houses of Parliament
  • Buckingham Palace
  • The City
  • St. Paul's Cathedral
  • Westminster Abbey
  • Alexandra Palace
  • Battersea Power Station
  • Croydon Airport
  • The Royal Greenwich Observatory
  • Hyde Park, London
  • The Monument
  • Parliament Hill
  • Royal Society
  • Royal Institution
  • Tyburn
  • Waterloo International
  • Vauxhall Cross
  • Vauxhall Station

See also

  • Fortifications of London
  • Economy of London
  • Geography of London
  • Geology of London
  • History of local government in London


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